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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

was used to distract attention from the main action. While Russian pro-
paganda was still continuing its outcry regarding this c line/ and verbally
attacking the Poles, and while the British Government duly repeated their
slogans day by day, the Red Army and the N.K.V.D. were busily engaged
in introducing and stabilising the Soviet order, not only throughout Poland,
but over those 100 million peoples between the Baltic and the Aegean Sea.
When this moot point of the c Curzon Line 3 was lost in the tornado of
events, the Russians turned the attention of the world towards new fields,
such as oil concessions in Iran, the question of Trieste, Carinthia and so
forth.
It would have been surprising indeed if the misleading statements and
misrepresentations of the truth by members of the British Government had
not been followed up during the Debate by M.P.s with Communist or anti-
Polish tendencies . . * Mr. Price (Labour), for instance, endeavoured to
convince his audience that ' there was no question that Lwow is mainly a
Polish town/ but ' the people in the rural area round there are Ukrainian
to a man/ The figures of census undertaken by both Austrian and Polish
authorities did not support this statement. According to the census of 1931,
the city of Lwow had 312,000 inhabitants of whom 200,000 were Poles
(63.7 per cent), 75,000 Jews (25 per cent) and 35,000 Ukrainians and
Ruthenians (11.3 per cent.).
According to the official German guide book. Das General-Gouvernement)
by Karl Baedeker (Leipzig, 1943), the city of Lwow, to which the Germans
added some suburban districts, had a population of 420,000, of whom 12,000
were Germans, 42,000 (10 per cent.) Ukrainians and * the rest were Poles,'
the rest being 366,000 (87.1 per cent.). The Jews were not mentioned, but
it is known that the Jewish ghetto of Lwow had been liquidated, in 1942.
With regard to the rural area quoted, the figures revealed that:
In the district of Lwow, excluding the city itself, the Polish population
stood at 56.9 per cent. In eight other districts of south-eastern Poland,
east of the river San, from fifty to sixty per cent., in twelve other districts,
somewhere in the region of fifty per cent. In the remaining districts, par-
ticularly those bordering on the Carpathian Mountains, and relatively thinly
populated, the Polish peasant population was between twenty and thirty
per cent.
Therefore, in that part of the country between the rivers San and
Zbrucz which, according to Price, was c Ukrainian to a man,' over 2,200,000
were Poles and less than 3,000,000 Ukrainians, i.e., Ruthenians. It was an
all-Catholic population.
The reversal of the truth regarding Poland and the mis-representation
of facts and figures was paving the way for the ' Lublin Committee/
which;, though " not fully representative in its personalities, by its action
. . shows very representative of the long-ago desires of the Polish
peasants ..." and then Mr. Price quoted that the agrarian reforms in
Poland " hardly went any distance at all " and that, " under the so-called
Nieswiez Agreement, PMsudski came to an understanding with the big
landlords which partially suspended agrarian reforms ..."
Mr. Price mentioned that between the two Great Wars, only 2,000
hectares were distributed among the peasants, when in fact 3,250,295
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